(Portion of Reference Bibliography)
1A (First Alternative) "LifeTime" Wood Treatment. Source: Pierceys, 500 Windmill Rd., Dartmouth, NS, B2Y 3Z3, Phone: 902-468-2828, Fax: 902-468-9389 c/o Valhalla Wood Preservatives Ltd., 1931 - 12th Avenue S.W., Calgary, Alberta, T3C 0R9, Ph: 403-228-5193, Fax: 403-229-9365.

2A (Second Alternative) BORACOL & IMPEL (Boron) Rods. Source: Sasco Products Ltd., 31 Ilsley Ave., Dartmouth, N.S. B3B 1L5, Ph: 902-468-2126, Fax: 902-468-2642.
(Fall, 1998) "Frontiers of Plant Science", 51(1), pp. 6-8 (as cited in ORGANIC GARDENING, July/August 1999, 46(4), p. 12.

(Mar, 1997) "Recommendations for Disposal of Treated Wood" ) ENVIRONMENTAL BUILDING NEWS, 6(3), p. 13.

(Jun, 1997) "New Evidence of Leaching from CCA-treated Decks" ENVIRONMENTAL BUILDING NEWS, 6(6), p. 3.

(Jun 2, 1983) "Arsenic, Chromium, and Copper Poisoning from Burning Treated Wood", THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE.

(-, 1992) "Letters" (July/August), ORGANIC GARDENING, 39(6), pp.8-11.

(-, 1993) "Pressure-Treated Wood: How bad is it and what are the alternatives-" ENVIRONMENTAL BUILDING NEWS, 2(1), January/February, pp. 6-14.

(-, 1994a) "Letters" (April), ORGANIC GARDENING, 41(4), pp. 8-14.

(-, 1994b) "Letters" (July/August), ORGANIC GARDENING, 41(6), pp. 8-13.

(Nov/Dec. 1992) "The Phone Poles that Will Not Die", MSW MANAGEMENT.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, TOXICOLOGICAL PROFILE FOR ARSENIC, Final Update, 1993, US Department of Health and Human Services.

Agriculture Canada (1990) "Wood Treatment Materials", Note to CAPCO, Aug. 1.

Agriculture Canada (1992) Re-Evaluation of Heavy Duty Wood Preservatives, Food Production & Inspection Branch, A92-02, July 2.

Amdur, Mary O., Doull, John and Klaassen, Curtis D. (1991) `Major Toxic Metals with Multiple Effects: Arsenic' in CASARETT AND DOULL'S TOXICOLOGY: THE BASIC SCIENCE OF POISONS, 4th ed., Toronto: Pergamon Press, pp. 629-633.

Bailey, Thomas (1997) "CSI Responds" ENVIRONMENTAL BUILDING NEWS, 6(4), p. 3.

Bradley, Brian (1996) "Toxic Playgrounds: Lethal Pressure Treated Wood", ENVIRONMENTAL NEWS LETTER ADVANCING COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT (E.N.L.A.C.E.), 1(2), pp. 1, 4 & 5.

Brown, Joseph P. and Fan, Anna M. (1992) "Arsenic-Recommended Public Health Level for Drinking Water", California Environmental Protection Agency.

Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (1997) BUILDING MATERIALS FOR THE ENVIRONMENTALLY HYPERSENSITIVE, Ottawa: CMHC, 238p.

Canadian Standards Association (1991) A GUIDELINE ON CHILDREN'S PLAYSPACES AND EQUIPMENT, CAN/CSA-Z614-M90, para. 7.3.7, p. 26.

Chen, Chien-Jen and Wang, Chih-Jen (1990) "Ecological Correlation between Arsenic Level in Well Water and Age-Adjusted Mortality from Malignant Neoplasms" CANCER RESEARCH, 50(17), Sep. 1, pp. 5470-5474.

Chou, G.K. et al, (1973) "Uptake of metal toxicants by fungal hyphae colonising CCA-Impregnated wood" WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 7(3), pp. 206-211.

Clement v. Wyckoff Co. (1990) Wash Superior Court, King County, No. 87-2-13888-7, judgment entered 9/13/90.

Colborn, Theo (1996) Our Stolen Future: Are We Threatening Our Fertility, Intelligence, and Survival? (Dutton. As cited in ORGANIC GARDENING, 1998, Vol. 45 No. 8, p. 10).

Cooper, Paul A. and Ung, U.T. (1992) "Leaching of CCA-C from Jack Pine Sapwood in Compost", FOREST PRODUCTS JOURNAL, 42(9), Sep.

Cox, Caroline (1991) "Chromated Copper Arsenate", JOURNAL OF PESTICIDE REFORM, Spring , pp. 19-23

Daar, Sheila (1986) "Update: Least - Toxic Methods for Protecting Wood" THE IPM PRACTITIONER,8(1), January, pp. 1 - 3.

Dobbs, A.J. "The growth and metal content of plants grown in soil contaminated be a copper chromium arsenic wood preservative" MSW Management---

Elkington, John and Hailes, Julia (1998) MANUAL 2000: THE ETHICAL CONSUMER GUIDE, Toronto: Key Porter Books, 320p.

Environment Canada (1988) Reports EPS 2/WP/1 to 5, (See EPS 2/WP/3 "Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA) Wood Preservation Facilities - Recommendations for Design and Operation") April.

Environment Canada (1993) Arsenic and its Compounds, Government of Canada, Health and Welfare Canada.

Evans, Fred G. (1987) "Leaching from CCA - Impregnated wood to food, drinking-water and silage, THE INTERNATIONAL WORKING GROUP ON WOOD PRESERVATION, Document No.: IRG/WP/3433.

Fauteux, Andre, (1992b) "Going organic to avoid becoming a statistic" HABITABEC, Montreal, 26 juin, p. 4.

Ferrara, Mike (1992) "Spring Soil Spectacular" (April), ORGANIC GARDENING, 39(4), pp. 26-37 (see p.27).

Galarneau, D., Riedel, D., Harrison, J., Gregoire, D.C. and Bertrand, N. (1990) "Residues of Arsenic, Chromium and Copper on and Near Outdoor Structures Built of Wood Treated with `CCA' Type Preservatives", AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY (DIVISION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY), Aug. 26-31.

Gelbspan, Ross (1995) "The heat is on, the warming of the world's climate sparks a blaze of denial" HARPER'S, 291(1747), pp.31-37.

Goldsein, Joan (1990) DEMANDING CLEAN FOOD AND WATER, THE FIGHT FOR A BASIC HUMAN RIGHT, New York: Plenum Press, 271 p.

Grant, C. (19--) "Env Pollution" 14.21326. MSW Management-Health & Welfare Canada (Health Protection Branch) (1991), "Pressure-Treated ("Preserved") wood and Wood Preservatives", ISSUES, October 30.

Henningsson, Byorn and Carlsson, Birgit (1984) "Leaching of arsenic, copper and chrome from preservative-treated timber in playground equipment" The International Research Group of Wood Preservation, Document No. IRG/WP/3149.

Howard, Robert (1992/1993) "Pressure-treated wood: It lasts, but is it safe-" CANADIAN GARDENING, Dec/Jan, pp. 9 -10.

Howard, Ross and Perley, Michael. (1991) POISONED SKIES, Toronto: Stoddart Publishing Co.

Huling et al., (1995) "Wood Preserving Waste Contaminated Soil; Treatment and Toxicity Response", BIOREMEDIATION OF RECALCITRANT ORGANICS, 3(7): 101-109.

Interdepartmental Executive Committee on Pest Management, "Re-Evaluation of Heavy Duty Wood Preservatives Status Report" Note to CAPCO, Feb. 14, 1994.

Kalnins, Martins A. and Detroy, Benjamin F. (1984) "Effect of wood preservative treatment of beehives on honey bees and hive products" JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, 32, pp. 1176-1180.

Long, Cheryl (1997) "Arsenic again shown to leach from pressure treated wood" ORGANIC GARDENING, Apr., 44(4), pp. 18, 20.

Long, Cheryl (1994) "Will Texas now go organic-" ORGANIC GARDENING, Sep/Oct., 41(7), p. 20.

Long, Cheryl and McGrath, Mike (1994) "Treated Wood", ORGANIC GARDENING, Jan., 41(1), pp. 71-74.

Moore, Steven (1993). "Toxic Lumber", EARTHKEEPER, 4(1), pp.16-19. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, "Arsenic in Drinking Water", California Environmental Protection Agency, April 1992.

Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Report to the Legislature-evaluation of Hazards Posed by the Use of Wood Preservatives on Playground

quipment, Department of Health Services, Health and Welfare Agency, State of California, February 1987.

Peters, H.A. et al. (1983) "Arsenic, Chromium, and Copper Poisoning from Burning Treated Wood", THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE. 308 (22) pp. 1360 - 1361

Peters, H.A., Croft, W.A., Woolson, E.A., Darcey, B.A., and Olson, M.A. (1984) "Seasonal Arsenic Exposure from Burning Chromium-Copper-Arsenate-Treated Wood", JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, May 11, 251(18), pp. 2393-2396.

Raloff, Janet (1992) "Arsenic in Water - Bigger Cancer Threat", SCIENCE NEWS, Apr. 18, p. 253.

Répin, Raynald (1990) "Mistreated Wood", PROTECT YOURSELF, June, pp. 36-43.

Stilwell, (1997) "Contamination of Soil with Copper, Chromium, and Arsenic Under Decks Built from Pressure Treated Wood", BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY, 58, pp. 22-28.

The Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia, PA. (1991) "Arsenic in the water - A surprising new source", News Release, January.

The Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia, PA. (1992) "Tracing arsenic through the Chesapeake Bay", ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 2(1), Fall.

Tyrrell, Elaine A. (1990) "Project on Playground Equipment - Transmittal of Estimate of Risk of Skin Cancer from Dislodgeable Arsenic on Pressure Treated Wood Playground Equipment" Memorandum to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, August.

US Consumer Product Safety Commission (1990). Project On Playground Equipment-Transmittal of Estimate of Risk of Skin Cancer from Dislodgeable Arsenic on Pressure Treated Wood Playground Equipment.

Warner, J.E. and Solomon, K.R. (1990) "Acidity as a Factor in Leaching of Copper, Chromium and Arsenic from CCA-Treated Dimension Lumber", ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY & CHEMISTRY (9), pp. 1331-1337.

Weis, Peddrick, Weis, Judith S. and Coohill, Lisa M. (1991) "Toxicity to Estuarine Organisms of Leachates from Chromated Copper Arsenate Treated Wood", ARCHIVES ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY 20, pp. 118-124.

Weis, Judith (1995) "Pressure-treated wood toxic effects in the marine environment" Sierra Club National Coastal Issues Paper No. 2

Weis, Judith S. and Weis, Peddrick (1994) "Effects of contaminants from chromated copper arsenate-treated lumber on benthos." ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY, 26, pp. 103-109.

Weis, Peddrick, Weis, Judith S. and Proctor, T. (1993) "Copper, chromium and arsenic in sediments adjacent to wood treated with chromated copper arsenate." ESTUARINE, COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE, 36, pp. 71-79.

Weis, J.S. and Weis, P. (1992) "Transfer of contaminants from CCA-treated lumber to aquatic biota" JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY, 161, pp. 189-199.

Weis, Peddrick, Weis, Judith S. and Coohill, Lisa M. (1991) "Toxicity to estuarine organisms of leachates from chromated copper arsenate treated wood." ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY, 22, pp. 118-124.

Weis, Judith (1992) "NPS from treated wood structures in the Coastal Environment", EPA NONPOINT NEWS-NOTES, 20: 9-10.

Wilson, Alex (1997) "Disposal: The Achilles' Heel of CCA-Treated Wood" ENVIRONMENTAL BUILDING NEWS, 6(3), pp. 1, 10-13.

Wolmanac Industrial Concentrate 60%, Registration Number 21226 Pest Control Product Act.

URLs: http://www.atl.ec.gc.ca/epb/factsheets/pesticides/wood.html